By Eric Acheson
This e-book examines the fifteenth-century gentry of Leicestershire below 5 vast headings: as landholders, as participants of a social neighborhood in accordance with the county, as contributors in and leaders of the govt of the shire, as participants of the broader family and, eventually, as members. Economically assertive, they have been additionally socially cohesive, this solidarity being supplied via the shire neighborhood. The shire additionally supplied an important political unit, managed by means of an oligarchy of greater gentry households who have been quite autonomous of out of doors interference. the fundamental social unit used to be the , yet exterior affects, supplied by way of trouble for the broader relatives, the lineage or monetary and political development, weren't significant determinants of kin process. Individualism one of the gentry was once already proven by way of the 15th century, revealing its body of workers as a confident and assured stratum in past due medieval English society.
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Extra resources for A Gentry Community: Leicestershire in the Fifteenth Century, c.1422-c.1485
M, p. 661. , v, pp. , 1446-52, p. , 1452-61, p. 669. 82 See above, n. 54. , v, pp. , iv, p. 419; V. C. H. , vi, p. , iv, p. 179. , v, p. 360. 8 * V. C. H. Essex, 11, p. 175; H. W. King, 'Ancient wills', Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society, 1, 146, 1878, pp. 147—50. 86 V. C. H. , in, pp. 143-6. 89 Nevertheless, William, lord Lovel, was regularly appointed to Leicestershire commissions of the peace until his death in 1455, and although his son and heir, John, appears not to have taken the same interest in the county, the William Lovel, knight, who was appointed to the commissions of the peace in 1456 and 1457 was probably John's young brother, the lord Morley.
H. , v, p. , ix, pp. , xi, p. , xn, p. 112. , 1429-36, pp. , 1436-41, pp. , 1441—6, pp. , 1452-61, p. 681. , Report on the Manuscripts of... Reginald Rawdon Hastings . , 1, London, 1928, p. 296; V. C. H. Leics, v, pp. 77, 257. , 1429-36, p. , 1436-41, p. , 1441-6, p. , 1446-52, p. , 1452-61, p. 669. , ix, p. 219. 91 H. M. C , Hastings, 1, p. 296. 92 V. C. H. , v, p. 77. 95 No list of Leicestershire nobility would be complete without mention of the family which produced one of the fifteenth century's most powerful peers, William, lord Hastings.
486-^7. 36 The gentry in the fifteenth century exceeding £$ per annum and derived not only from freehold land but also from annuities and offices. Contributions to the tax were scaled according to income. 6d. plus 6d. £5 and £100; income between £100 and £400 was taxed at 8d. in the pound while those who earned over ^400 were taxed at 2s. in the pound on their entire income. The 1436 subsidy was therefore designed to tap the wealth of the nation and to provide a more equitable distribution of the tax burden than was achieved by the old fifteenths and tenths.
A Gentry Community: Leicestershire in the Fifteenth Century, c.1422-c.1485 by Eric Acheson