By Pet, Willem J. A.
Arawak (Lokono Dian), an Amerindian language within the Arawakan language kin, is comparatively undescribed. the aim of this learn is to provide a normal, bottom-up caricature of Arawak. It begins with reviews at the phonology, then discusses morphology and syntax, and ends with reviews approximately discourse.
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Extra info for A grammar sketch and lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian)
Corresponding forms for ‘into’ and ‘from’ are derived by adding the suffixes -nro ‘toward’ and -ria ‘from’ to the postpositions. 5. 3 Nominals 21 (24) a. kolokon ‘in fire or light’ b. g. referring to the pot)’ kolokon c. g. 4 Derived Nouns Arawak has at its disposal a number of ways by which it can derive nouns and noun phrases from other categories in the language. 1 Event Verb + -koana An instrumental noun or noun phrase may be derived from an event verb21 with the suffix -koana ‘an instrument or device with which’ (glossed below and elsewhere as ‘THING’).
Roko ‘on the inside surface of’ b. g. referring to what I am holding in my hand)’ (22) a. koborokon ‘inside of an animate body, among living beings’ b. g. a pain in my body)’ c. g. the location of a person)’ (23) a. rakon ‘in a fluid’ b. g. referring to the wash)’ 20Only examples for ‘in’ are illustrated here. Corresponding forms for ‘into’ and ‘from’ are derived by adding the suffixes -nro ‘toward’ and -ria ‘from’ to the postpositions. 5. 3 Nominals 21 (24) a. kolokon ‘in fire or light’ b. g. referring to the pot)’ kolokon c.
Him-BEN When the inchoative is added to the basic-stem form of a verb, which is the case in example (72), it always has the form -nbia. When it is used on an a-stem, as in (73), the n is often dropped, and the suffix is just -bia. The precise explanation for the dropping of the n has not been determined. If a verb in an isolated utterance does not have one of the five aspect/tense suffixes mentioned in this section, nor -li ‘necessitative’ nor -ma ‘habilitative’, it is always taken to be equivalent to the simple past tense.
A grammar sketch and lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian) by Pet, Willem J. A.