Peter Rickard's A History of the French Language PDF

By Peter Rickard

This well-established and well known ebook offers scholars with all of the linguistic heritage they want for learning any interval of French literature. For the second one version the textual content has been revised and up to date all through, and the 2 ultimate chapters on modern French, and its place as an international language, were thoroughly rewritten. beginning with a short description of the Vulgar Latin spoken in Gaul, and the earliest recorded different types of French, Peter Rickard lines the advance of the language throughout the later center a while and Renaissance to teach the way it turned standardized in a close to smooth shape within the 17th and eighteenth centuries.

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King and clergy supported each other mutually and gained considerably in strength and prestige. Through undertaking the protection of the oppressed, the king gained the reputation of a righter of wrongs who could be appealed to as to a higher court of justice. 1. Poitevin, which shows close affinity with Occitan up to and including the tenth century, can by the twelfth century be considered essentially a dialect of the langue d’oïl. 26 A History of the French Language Economically, too, the Church was not without its importance, because such commerce as there was, was largely organised by the great monasteries of the age, which were responsible for a good deal of the movement of commodities from one region to another.

In the next chapter, which will take us to the end of the eleventh century, we shall examine the nature of this language in the light of the earliest vernacular texts. 2 THE LANGUAGE OF THE EARLIEST FRENCH TEXTS In 814, Louis the Pious succeeded Charlemagne as Emperor of the Franks. When Louis died in 840, his three sons, Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothair disputed the inheritance. Charles and Louis soon found it necessary to form an alliance against their brother Lothair, who actually had the strongest claim to the Empire as a whole.

The Jonah Fragment, like the Eulalia Sequence, was composed in SaintAmand-les-Eaux. It consists of notes, partly in Latin and partly in French, of a sermon based on Jonah i and iv. It provides some scraps of evidence about the verbal system: it attests, for instance, the ‘eastern’ imperfect ending of the first conjugation, evet from -abat. g. entelgir ‘to understand’ (

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A History of the French Language by Peter Rickard

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