By Duane A. Garrett
This 3rd quantity within the Baylor instruction manual at the Hebrew Bible sequence offers specialist, entire tips in answering major questions about the Hebrew textual content. whereas reflecting the most recent advances in scholarship on Hebrew grammar and linguistics, the paintings makes use of a mode that's lucid sufficient to function an invaluable agent for instructing and self-study.
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Additional resources for Amos: A Handbook on the Hebrew Text (Baylor Handbook on the Hebrew Bible)
The usage in Deuteronomy 23:16 (E 15) is particularly apropos. ּגָ ֤לּות ְׁש ֵל ָמ ֙ה. The direct object. The adjective “( ָׁש ֵלםwhole, complete”) suggests that an entire community was seized and carried off into slavery. ֶל ֱא ֔דֹום. Prepositional phrase with ְל. As in 1:6, Edom is the recipient of the captured slaves. It is perhaps noteworthy that places from which these slaves were taken is not indicated in the text. One might assume that they are snatched from Israel or Judah, but the text does not say this.
This line forms a chiasmus with the previous line. וְ ֻח ָּק ֙יו. Direct object with 3 m s suffix and conjunction; it paral- lels יְהוה ָ֗ ת־ּתֹורת ַ ֶא, and the antecedent to the suffix is יְהוָ ה. ֣ל ֹא ָׁש ָ֔מרּו. Negated qal qatal 3 c p of שׁמר. 2:4c: Second Strophe. 2 lines. As in the Edom oracle, this strophe, headed by a wayyiqtol, constitutes a secondary accusation. יהם ֶ֔ עּום ִּכזְ ֵב ֙ וַ ּיַ ְתA2a 2:4c יהם׃ ֽ ֶ בֹותם ַא ֲח ֵר ֖ ָ ר־ה ְל ֥כּו ֲא ָ ֲא ֶׁשA2b Line A2a: The colon-marker is zaqeph qaton and the constraints are: 1 predicator, 2 constituents, and 2 units.
It may refer to raiding villages and taking their entire populations as captives to sell into slavery. ְל ַה ְס ִ ּ֥גיר. Hiphil infinitive construct of סגרwith ְל. It is here a complement to לֹותם ָ ְ ַהג. On סגר, see 1:9. indd 30 6/6/08 2:24:31 PM Amos 1:7-8 31 ֶל ֱא ֽדֹום. Prepositional phrase with ְל, which may be regarded as both directional and as a dative of advantage. Edom is mentioned here and in 1:9 as the recipient of a large number of persons kidnapped for slavery.
Amos: A Handbook on the Hebrew Text (Baylor Handbook on the Hebrew Bible) by Duane A. Garrett