By Hanns J. Prem
Outlines the significantly lengthy and intricate cultural background of Mesoamerica, in addition to the Andean continuum. It combines an outline of pre-Columbian historic occasions and events with a attention of vital learn difficulties and efforts and locations the final flowering of indigenous complicated civizations inside of their respective geographic and sociocultural frameworks.
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Additional info for Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research
Teotihuacán shared its location near an advantageous traffic lane between the Valley of Mexico and the central Gulf Coast with many other sites. Other advantages of place did not exist, so there had to have been irrational reasonssuch as a cult Page 10 in the cave over which the largest pyramid was built, and which became a pilgrimage center. Also the monumental pyramids were built very early in the city's history. The completion of these structures, and also the city planning, cannot have been achieved without a good-sized administrative organization, which later on was free for other tasks, and which allowed the subsequent change from a pilgrimage center to a political-economic power.
INFLUENCE OF TEOTIHUACÁNIn the middle Classic the influence of Teotihuacán also reached the Yucatán Peninsula, probably via Kaminaljuyú. In the lowlands it is most evident at Tikal and its southern periphery and is expressed primarily in architectural forms, ceramic types, and depictions of deities. In the highlands of Guatemala, where there were Maya as well, the similarities to Teotihuacán are so strong in Kaminaljuyú, whose cultural definition originally was built on a basis attributed to the Olmec periphery, that a direct political or military involvement seems possible.
Their tasks were administration and organization of a large community that had to be supplied from the outside, planning of building concepts, and supervision of construction. Then there were artisans for shaping obsidian, manufacturing ceramics, building houses, painting murals, and making stone sculptures. Long-range traders saw to the flow of Teotihuacán merchandise to the borders of Mesoamerica. Finally, the city contained a large peasant population that assisted in construction and other tasks during the dry season.
Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research by Hanns J. Prem