T. Douglas Price's Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the PDF

By T. Douglas Price

ISBN-10: 0190231971

ISBN-13: 9780190231972

"Although occupied in basic terms fairly in brief within the lengthy span of worldwide prehistory, Scandinavia is a rare laboratory for investigating prior human societies. the realm used to be basically unoccupied until eventually the top of the final Ice Age whilst the melting of massive ice sheets left in the back of a clean, barren land floor, which used to be finally coated by means of wildlife. the 1st people didn't arrive until eventually someday after

"This ebook is set the prehistory of Scandinavia, from the 1st population to their Viking descendants. Scandinavia during this research contains the trendy nations of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. the 1st bankruptcy presents frameworks for realizing the prehistory of Scandinavia, focusing on position, time, and archaeology. the following chapters are equipped by means of the main archeological divisions of the time among the arriving of the 1st population, someday after 13,500 BC, and the tip of the Viking interval, ca. advert 1050, from the top of the Pleistocene, to the early Neolithic, to the Vikings. The archaeology of this zone offers a superb viewpoint at the improvement of human society. it is a form of laboratory for the evolution of human tradition that enables us to envision distinct facts approximately earlier alterations in human society and to invite questions about what came about in this technique. Human teams in Scandinavia developed from small bands of migratory hunters to village farmers, metal-using tribes, and early states in approximately 10,000 years. whereas the focal point of this quantity is on Scandinavia, what has been realized there has implications throughout a much wider set of archaeological questions: how do people colonize new areas, how do hunter-gatherers adapt to tough environments, how do people deal with dramatic alterations of their surroundings, how very important used to be the ocean for hunter-gatherers, why did foragers turn into farmers, what have been the results of farming, how did hierarchical social relationships strengthen, how did early states function? perception on those questions in Scandinavia sheds mild in different places within the prehistoric world"-- Read more...

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historical Scandinavia presents a finished evaluate of the archaeological background of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Read more...

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Extra resources for Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings

Sample text

A runic form of writing was introduced in the Iron Age, and inscribed rune stones appeared as standing monuments, perhaps the equivalent of legal documents. Scandinavia started to become a dynamic part of European society. With all the discussion of the landscape above, it is important to remember that the sea played a fundamental role in Scandinavia, as both a source of food and a route of movement and communication. Dugout canoes are known from the Mesolithic and Neolithic. In the Bronze and Iron Ages, more sophisticated boats were constructed.

1917). Brøgger was also responsible for the extraordinary Viking Ship Museum in Oslo that houses the finds from these discoveries. Brøgger played a major role in Norwegian archaeology in the first half of the twentieth century as the founder of the Norwegian Archaeological Society and of the archaeological journal Viking, and as president of an international congress of archaeologists held in Oslo in 1936. He was imprisoned by the Germans during the occupation in the Second World War for defending the independence of the university.

The elm decline was close in time to the arrival of agriculture in southern Scandinavia. Human interference with elm was a popular explanation for many years. Suggestions included tree felling for field clearance and the clipping of elm branches to use for animal fodder, resulting in an absence of pollen. A study by Peglar and Birks (1993) may have resolved this issue. Studies of pollen in deep lake sediments with annual layers in England and Sweden demonstrate that the elm decline actually took place within a very short time, perhaps a decade or two.

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Ancient Scandinavia : an archaeological history from the first humans to the Vikings by T. Douglas Price


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