By Maaike Groot
This quantity explores the function of animals within the rural groups of Civitas Batavorum within the first to 3rd centuries advert. Large-scale excavations of 2 settlements and a cremation cemetery in Tiel-Passewaaij have yielded an animal bone assemblage of round 30,000 fragments, and a priceless reference catalog of the specified animal deposits is integrated right here. the writer additionally investigates using animals in funerary and different rituals, in addition to the function of farm animals within the neighborhood economic system and within the creation of surplus items for the Roman market.
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Additional info for Animals in Ritual and Economy in a Roman Frontier Community: Excavations in Tiel-Passewaaij (Amsterdam University Press - Amsterdam Archaeological Studies)
Distinguishing between the two categories is difficult; indeed, they will overlap to a large extent. However, we must attempt to determine to what extent these two settlements produced specifically for a market. It is vital that we learn to understand the way in which the market systems in the Roman Netherlands functioned, and the analysis of animal bones is one way of approaching this problem. In this chapter, I will first describe the animal bone assemblages from Tiel-Passewaaij, some of the problems associated with them, and the research questions that I will try to answer.
Of course, production sites also consumed part of the food they produced, which complicates matters. Production of an agricultural surplus in rural settlements was stimulated in two ways. First, both soldiers and urban dwellers had little opportunity to grow their own food, and were therefore dependent on the surrounding areas, military supply lines and markets. This need for food created an opportunity for the local inhabitants to sell their produce. Second, taxation also created a demand for a surplus.
The presence of imported goods points to exchange networks and a market system. Their presence also proves that Tiel-Passewaaij was not just a subsistence ecomony, but that the inhabitants produced a surplus to sell at market. This surplus could consist of arable products or products from livestock, including dairy products, hides, horn, living animals and meat. An important consequence of a market system for our reconstruction of the local economy is that a large part of our evidence is missing.
Animals in Ritual and Economy in a Roman Frontier Community: Excavations in Tiel-Passewaaij (Amsterdam University Press - Amsterdam Archaeological Studies) by Maaike Groot