By Heather Margaret-Louise Miller
Designed for upper-division undergraduate and graduate point archaeology scholars taking classes in historic applied sciences, archaeological craft creation, fabric tradition, the heritage of expertise, archaeometry, and box equipment. this article may also function a basic advent and a reference for archaeologists, fabric tradition experts in socio-cultural disciplines, and engineers/scientists attracted to the backgrounds and histories in their disciplines.
The research of old technologies-that is, the ways that items and fabrics have been made and used-can demonstrate insights into monetary, social, political, and formality geographical regions of the previous. This ebook summarizes the present nation of historical know-how experiences via emphasizing methodologies, a few significant applied sciences, and the questions and concerns that force archaeologists of their attention of those applied sciences. It exhibits the ways in which know-how experiences can be utilized via archaeologists operating at any place, on any form of society and it embraces an orientation towards the sensible, now not the philosophical.
* Compares the diversity of pre-industrial applied sciences, from stone device creation, fiber crafts, wooden and bone operating, fired clay crafts, steel construction, and glass manufacture
* contains socially contextualized case stories, in addition to normal descriptions of technological processes
* Discusses crucial terminology (technology, fabric tradition, chaîne opératoire, etc.), essentially from the point of view of the way those phrases are utilized by archaeologists
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Additional resources for Archaeological Approaches to Technology
Astonishing information about the level of specialized production and distribution in the ancient Mediterranean world, including the use and re-use of widely-traded ceramic containers such as amphora, has come from finds from underwater archaeological investigations of shipwrecks, as well as finds from land excavations and textual accounts (Bass 1975). In short, methods of discovery and recovery in archaeological technology studies are as diverse as the technologies under study. THE EXAMINATION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL REMAINS I have divided my discussion of the examination of archaeological remains into “simple” and “complex” methods.
How do archaeologists interested in technology (or other subjects) know what they know about the past? To be an archaeologist is to be a generalist, as one never quite knows what will turn up on a field project. -L. Miller: Archaeological Approaches to Technology Copyright © 2007 by Academic Press, Inc. All rights of reproduction in any form reserved. -L. Miller: Archaeological Approaches to Technology are borrowed or adapted from a wide range of other disciplines. As in archaeological research in general, technological studies often employ collaboration with specialists in other fields, including conservators, art historians, chemists, material scientists, architects, engineers, botanists, geologists, miners, artists, and other modern craftspeople.
Other debates have centered around the meaning of classifications, whether these categories are all necessarily “artificial” or “etic” categories imposed by archaeologists, or whether it is also possible to discover “natural” or “emic” categories—that is, categories employed by the people who actually made or used these objects. Sharer and Ashmore (2003: 296–298) and articles in Whallon and Brown (1982) provide overviews of this debate, particularly as it applies to pottery. Every analytical topic in archaeology, from counting animals to sorting stone flakes, has its own methods of classification and its own debates about them.
Archaeological Approaches to Technology by Heather Margaret-Louise Miller