By Manuel García-Carpintero (auth.), Fabrice Correia, Andrea Iacona (eds.)
Over the previous few years, the tree version of time has been extensively hired to accommodate concerns about the semantics of tensed discourse. the idea that has prompted its adoption is that the main believable strategy to make experience of indeterminism is to conceive of destiny chances as branches that leave from a standard trunk, constituted by way of the earlier and the current. in spite of the fact that, the idea nonetheless has to be extra articulated and defended, and a number of other very important questions stay open, comparable to the query of ways reality should be understood and officially represented in a branching framework. the current quantity is meant to be a 360 measure mirrored image at the tree version. The contributions is gathers drawback the version and its choices, either from a semantic and from a metaphysical standpoint.
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Additional info for Around the Tree: Semantic and Metaphysical Issues Concerning Branching and the Open Future
2001, pp. 162). Timeless Truth 41 This argument rests on a confusion. One thing is to say that a given history is the actual history, quite another thing is to say that something in the world makes it so. Perhaps there is nothing in ‘the structure of the world’ that determines a single possibility to be actual, yet this does not prevent that possibility from being actual. No matter whether (D) or some other definition is adopted to characterize determination, the distinction between actual and non-actual can be drawn independently of any consideration about determination.
Knowing and asserting. Philosophical Review 105: 489–523; included with some revisions as chapter 11 of his Knowledge and its limits. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. Timeless Truth Andrea Iacona Abstract A fairly simple theory of the semantics of tense is obtained by combining three claims: (1) for any time t, a present-tense sentence ‘p’ is either true or false at t; (2) for any time t¢ earlier than t, the future-tense sentence ‘It will be the case that p at t’ is true at t¢ if ‘p’ is true at t, false otherwise; (3) for any time t¢ later than t, the past-tense sentence ‘It was the case that p at t’ is true at t¢ if ‘p’ is true at t, false otherwise.
Consider the following definite description: (7) The next president of the USA. Suppose that (7) is uttered before the next presidential elections as part of a sentence, say (8) The next president of the USA will visit China very soon. In this case, the view is that (7) has no reference. For if it had a reference, the result of the next presidential elections would be necessary. The rationale for the conditional is similar to that for (N), that is, having a reference amounts to having the same reference in all possible futures.
Around the Tree: Semantic and Metaphysical Issues Concerning Branching and the Open Future by Manuel García-Carpintero (auth.), Fabrice Correia, Andrea Iacona (eds.)