By Barbara Schmiedtová
The examine endeavors an in depth and systematic class of linguistic simultaneity expressions. extra, it goals at a good defined survey of the way simultaneity is expressed by way of local audio system of their personal language. at the foundation of genuine construction facts the ebook solutions the questions of ways local audio system show temporal simultaneity normally, and the way inexperienced persons at assorted degrees of talent take care of this example less than experimental attempt stipulations. in addition, the result of this research shed new mild on our realizing of element commonly, and on its acquisition via grownup inexperienced persons.
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Extra resources for At The Same Time: The Expression Of Simultaneity In Learner Varieties (Studies on Language Acquisition)
Do-, 2. na-, 3. nad(e)-, 4. o-, 5. o/ob(e)-, 6. od(e)-, 7. po-, 8. pod(e)-, 9. pro-, 10. pfie-, 11. pfied(e)-, 12. pfii-, 13. roz(e)-, 14. s(e)-, 15. u-, 16. v(e)-, 17. vy-, 18. vz(e)-, 19. z(e)-, 20. za - (Karlík et al 1995: 199 - 217). Each of them is associated with a cluster of meanings, most of them exhibit polysemy and homonymy, and the realization of a given meaning of a prefix is highly dependent on the context in which the prefix occurs. Four main possibilites can be observed here. (1) The verbal prefix modifies the underlying meaning of the verb in a characteristic way.
Mary and Peter were talking on the phone. 14) We wanted to convince Fred to come along. During the day, Mary and Peter were talking on the phone trying to get him out of bed. 12), Peter and Mary were talking to each other. , during the time the director was trying to reach them, Mary and Peter were on the phone and talked to each other. 13), the reading is that Mary and Peter were simultaneously on the phone but did not talk to each other because this would not make pragmatic sense. 14), Mary and Peter were neither talking to each other, nor simultaneously, but rather in turns to the third person involved in the story.
7) Peter was drawing a picture and Mary was playing piano. 6), the stronger reading is temporal simultaneity (although temporal sequence is not ruled out). 7), simultaneity is the preferred interpretation. In both examples, the temporal order of the two situations is determined by implicit means. Another interesting case where expression of simultaneity is grounded in shared extra-linguistic knowledge appears when predicates such as to talk on the phone are used. 8) Mary is talking on the phone.
At The Same Time: The Expression Of Simultaneity In Learner Varieties (Studies on Language Acquisition) by Barbara Schmiedtová